expand_domain_gray — Expand the domain of an image and set the gray values in the expanded domain.
expand_domain_gray expands the border gray values of the domain outwards. The width of the expansion is set by the parameter ExpansionRange. All filters in HALCON use gray values of the pixels outside the domain depending on the filter width. This may lead to undesirable side effects especially in the border region of the domain. For example, if the foreground (domain) and the background of the image differ strongly in brightness, the result of a filter operation may lead to undesired darkening or brightening at the border of the domain. In order to avoid this drawback, the domain is expanded by expand_domain_gray in a preliminary stage, copying the gray values of the border pixels to the outside of the domain. In addition, the domain itself is also expanded to reflect the newly set pixels. Therefore, in many cases it is reasonable to reduce the domain again (reduce_domain or change_domain) after using expand_domain_gray and call the filter operation afterwards. ExpansionRange should be set to the half of the filter width.
Note that filter operators may return unexpected results if an image with a reduced domain is used as input. Please refer to the chapter Filters.
Input image with domain to be expanded.
Output image with new gray values in the expanded domain.
Radius of the gray value expansion, measured in pixels.
Default value: 2
Suggested values: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 14, 16
Restriction: ExpansionRange >= 1
read_image(Fabrik, 'fabrik') gen_rectangle2(Rectangle_Label,243,320,-1.55,62,28) reduce_domain(Fabrik, Rectangle_Label, Fabrik_Label) * Character extraction without gray value expansion: mean_image(Fabrik_Label,Label_Mean_normal,31,31) dyn_threshold(Fabrik_Label,Label_Mean_normal,Characters_normal,10,'dark') dev_display(Fabrik) dev_display(Characters_normal) * The characters in the border region are not extracted ! stop() * Character extraction with gray value expansion: expand_domain_gray(Fabrik_Label, Label_expanded,15) reduce_domain(Label_expanded,Rectangle_Label, Label_expanded_reduced) mean_image(Label_expanded_reduced,Label_Mean_expanded,31,31) dyn_threshold(Fabrik_Label,Label_Mean_expanded,\ Characters_expanded,10,'dark') dev_display(Fabrik) dev_display(Characters_expanded) * Now, even in the border region the characters are recognized
Let L the perimeter of the domain. Then the runtime complexity is approximately O(L)*ExpansionRange.
expand_domain_gray returns 2 (H_MSG_TRUE) if all parameters are correct. If necessary, an exception is raised.
reduce_domain, mean_image, dyn_threshold