gen_gaborgen_gaborGenGaborGenGabor (Operator)


gen_gaborgen_gaborGenGaborGenGabor — Generate a Gabor filter.


gen_gabor( : ImageFilter : Angle, Frequency, Bandwidth, Orientation, Norm, Mode, Width, Height : )

Herror gen_gabor(Hobject* ImageFilter, double Angle, double Frequency, double Bandwidth, double Orientation, const char* Norm, const char* Mode, const Hlong Width, const Hlong Height)

Herror T_gen_gabor(Hobject* ImageFilter, const Htuple Angle, const Htuple Frequency, const Htuple Bandwidth, const Htuple Orientation, const Htuple Norm, const Htuple Mode, const Htuple Width, const Htuple Height)

void GenGabor(HObject* ImageFilter, const HTuple& Angle, const HTuple& Frequency, const HTuple& Bandwidth, const HTuple& Orientation, const HTuple& Norm, const HTuple& Mode, const HTuple& Width, const HTuple& Height)

void HImage::GenGabor(double Angle, double Frequency, double Bandwidth, double Orientation, const HString& Norm, const HString& Mode, Hlong Width, Hlong Height)

void HImage::GenGabor(double Angle, double Frequency, double Bandwidth, double Orientation, const char* Norm, const char* Mode, Hlong Width, Hlong Height)

void HImage::GenGabor(double Angle, double Frequency, double Bandwidth, double Orientation, const wchar_t* Norm, const wchar_t* Mode, Hlong Width, Hlong Height)   (Windows only)

static void HOperatorSet.GenGabor(out HObject imageFilter, HTuple angle, HTuple frequency, HTuple bandwidth, HTuple orientation, HTuple norm, HTuple mode, HTuple width, HTuple height)

void HImage.GenGabor(double angle, double frequency, double bandwidth, double orientation, string norm, string mode, int width, int height)


gen_gaborgen_gaborGenGaborGenGaborGenGabor generates a Gabor filter with a user-definable bandpass frequency range and sign for the Hilbert transform. This is done by calculating a symmetrical filter in the frequency domain, which can be adapted by the parameters AngleAngleAngleAngleangle, FrequencyFrequencyFrequencyFrequencyfrequency, BandwidthBandwidthBandwidthBandwidthbandwidth and OrientationOrientationOrientationOrientationorientation such that a certain frequency band and a certain direction range in the spatial domain is filtered out in the frequency domain.

The parameters FrequencyFrequencyFrequencyFrequencyfrequency (central frequency = distance from the DC term) and OrientationOrientationOrientationOrientationorientation (direction) determine the center of the filter. Larger values of FrequencyFrequencyFrequencyFrequencyfrequency result in higher frequencies being passed. A value of 0 for OrientationOrientationOrientationOrientationorientation generates a horizontally oriented “crescent” (the bulge of the crescent points upward). Higher values of OrientationOrientationOrientationOrientationorientation result in the counterclockwise rotation of the crescent.

The parameters AngleAngleAngleAngleangle and BandwidthBandwidthBandwidthBandwidthbandwidth are used to determine the range of frequencies and angles being passed by the filter. The larger AngleAngleAngleAngleangle is, the smaller the range of angles passed by the filter gets (because the “crescent” gets narrower). The larger BandwidthBandwidthBandwidthBandwidthbandwidth is, the smaller the frequency band being passed gets (because the “crescent” gets thinner).

To achieve a maximum overall efficiency of the filtering operation, the parameter NormNormNormNormnorm can be used to specify the normalization factor of the filter. If fft_genericfft_genericFftGenericFftGenericFftGeneric and NormNormNormNormnorm = 'n'"n""n""n""n" is used the normalization in the FFT can be avoided. ModeModeModeModemode can be used to determine where the DC term of the filter lies. If fft_genericfft_genericFftGenericFftGenericFftGeneric is used, 'dc_edge'"dc_edge""dc_edge""dc_edge""dc_edge" can be used to gain efficiency. If fft_imagefft_imageFftImageFftImageFftImage and fft_image_invfft_image_invFftImageInvFftImageInvFftImageInv are used for filtering, NormNormNormNormnorm = 'none'"none""none""none""none" and ModeModeModeModemode = 'dc_center'"dc_center""dc_center""dc_center""dc_center" must be used. Note that gen_gaborgen_gaborGenGaborGenGaborGenGabor cannot create a filter that can be used with rft_genericrft_genericRftGenericRftGenericRftGeneric.

The resulting image is a two-channel real-image, containing the Gabor filter in the first channel and the corresponding Hilbert filter in the second channel.

Execution Information


ImageFilterImageFilterImageFilterImageFilterimageFilter (output_object)  multichannel-image objectHImageHImageHobject * (real)

Gabor and Hilbert filter.

AngleAngleAngleAngleangle (input_control)  real HTupleHTupleHtuple (real) (double) (double) (double)

Angle range, inversely proportional to the range of orientations.

Default value: 1.4

Suggested values: 1.0, 1.2, 1.4, 1.6, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0, 5.0, 6.0, 10.0, 20.0, 30.0, 50.0, 70.0, 100.0

Typical range of values: 1.0 ≤ Angle Angle Angle Angle angle ≤ 500.0

Minimum increment: 0.001

Recommended increment: 0.1

FrequencyFrequencyFrequencyFrequencyfrequency (input_control)  real HTupleHTupleHtuple (real) (double) (double) (double)

Distance of the center of the filter to the DC term.

Default value: 0.4

Suggested values: 0.0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.15, 0.2, 0.25, 0.3, 0.35, 0.4, 0.45, 0.50, 0.55, 0.60, 0.65, 0.699

Typical range of values: 0.0 ≤ Frequency Frequency Frequency Frequency frequency ≤ 0.7

Minimum increment: 0.00001

Recommended increment: 0.005

BandwidthBandwidthBandwidthBandwidthbandwidth (input_control)  real HTupleHTupleHtuple (real) (double) (double) (double)

Bandwidth range, inversely proportional to the range of frequencies being passed.

Default value: 1.0

Suggested values: 0.1, 0.3, 0.7, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 3.0, 5.0, 7.0, 10.0, 15.0, 20.0, 30.0, 50.0

Typical range of values: 0.05 ≤ Bandwidth Bandwidth Bandwidth Bandwidth bandwidth ≤ 100.0

Minimum increment: 0.001

Recommended increment: 0.1

OrientationOrientationOrientationOrientationorientation (input_control)  real HTupleHTupleHtuple (real) (double) (double) (double)

Angle of the principal orientation.

Default value: 1.5

Suggested values: 0.0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1.0, 1.2, 1.4, 1.6, 1.8, 2.0, 2.2, 2.4, 2.6, 2.8, 3.0, 3.14

Typical range of values: 0.0 ≤ Orientation Orientation Orientation Orientation orientation ≤ 3.1416

Minimum increment: 0.0001

Recommended increment: 0.05

NormNormNormNormnorm (input_control)  string HTupleHTupleHtuple (string) (string) (HString) (char*)

Normalizing factor of the filter.

Default value: 'none' "none" "none" "none" "none"

List of values: 'n'"n""n""n""n", 'none'"none""none""none""none"

ModeModeModeModemode (input_control)  string HTupleHTupleHtuple (string) (string) (HString) (char*)

Location of the DC term in the frequency domain.

Default value: 'dc_center' "dc_center" "dc_center" "dc_center" "dc_center"

List of values: 'dc_center'"dc_center""dc_center""dc_center""dc_center", 'dc_edge'"dc_edge""dc_edge""dc_edge""dc_edge"

WidthWidthWidthWidthwidth (input_control)  integer HTupleHTupleHtuple (integer) (int / long) (Hlong) (Hlong)

Width of the image (filter).

Default value: 512

Suggested values: 128, 160, 192, 256, 320, 384, 512, 640, 768, 1024, 2048, 4096, 8192

HeightHeightHeightHeightheight (input_control)  integer HTupleHTupleHtuple (integer) (int / long) (Hlong) (Hlong)

Height of the image (filter).

Default value: 512

Suggested values: 120, 128, 144, 240, 256, 288, 480, 512, 576, 1024, 2048, 4096, 8192

Example (HDevelop)



gen_gaborgen_gaborGenGaborGenGaborGenGabor returns 2 (H_MSG_TRUE) if all parameters are correct. If necessary, an exception is raised.

Possible Predecessors

fft_imagefft_imageFftImageFftImageFftImage, fft_genericfft_genericFftGenericFftGenericFftGeneric

Possible Successors



gen_bandpassgen_bandpassGenBandpassGenBandpassGenBandpass, gen_bandfiltergen_bandfilterGenBandfilterGenBandfilterGenBandfilter, gen_highpassgen_highpassGenHighpassGenHighpassGenHighpass, gen_lowpassgen_lowpassGenLowpassGenLowpassGenLowpass

See also

fft_image_invfft_image_invFftImageInvFftImageInvFftImageInv, energy_gaborenergy_gaborEnergyGaborEnergyGaborEnergyGabor