send_data — Send arbitrary data to external devices or applications using a
generic socket communication.
send_data sends arbitrary data over a socket connection. The sent
data is converted to a binary network packet from a value (or a tuple of
values) using the parameter
Format as specification and is
well-suited to communicate with external devices or applications.
This operator does not support the standard 'HALCON' protocol, but
is intended for arbitrary data transfer.
Format specifies how to convert the given tuples to
a binary packet. It uses one or multiple qualifier characters each followed
by an optional modifier and repeat count. Most qualifiers require a single
value in the
Data parameter which will be converted.
The following characters are allowed in this format string:
one byte = 8 bit, signed
same as 'c' but unsigned
two bytes = 16 bit, signed
same as 's' but unsigned
four bytes = 32 bit, signed
same as 'i' but unsigned
eight bytes = 64 bit, signed (only available on 64bit architectures)
same as 'q' but unsigned
float, 4 bytes = 32 bit
double, 8 bytes = 64 bit
string (default length 1024 bytes), padded with spaces
string (default length 1024 bytes), padded with NULL-Bytes and will be NULL terminated when sending
string with variable length, the length modifier specifies the maximum length (default length 1024 bytes)
Special characters which do not require a value as
a single byte is written as binary NULL or when reading, a NULL-Byte is skipped
a single byte is written as space (binary 0x20) or when reading, a space byte is skipped
ignored, can be used to enhance readability of the format string
Modifiers which can be used after one of the qualifiers above:
convert the integer or float value when writing to or when reading from network byte order (big endian) to host byte order
convert the integer or float value when writing to or when reading from intel byte order (little endian) to host byte order
specify a repeat count for the preceding qualifier, e.g., 'c5' means the same as 'ccccc' (and requires therefore a tuple of 5 values) but 'A10' means a string with a size of 10 bytes (and requires only one value)
The modifiers 'n' and 'N' can also be used as first character in the format string and set the default byte order. 'n', which means network byte order, is the default byte order when nothing else is specified.
For UDP connections the binary data must be transferred in one network packet so that the size of the binary data must not be bigger than one network packet. Usually this means it should be smaller than the MTU (maximum transfer unit) of the interface, which is usually about 1500 bytes, but only 576 bytes are guaranteed (1280 bytes for IPv6).
To should be left empty for socket connections that
are already bound (all TCP connections and bound UDP connections), but in
case of an unbound UDP connection it must be used to specify the IP
address or host name and port number of the communication partner.
Specification how to convert the data.
Default value: 'z'
→(string / real / integer)
Value (or tuple of values) holding the data to send.
→(string / integer)
IP address or hostname and network port of the communication partner.
Default value: 
List of values: , ['localhost',3000]