sobel_amp — Detect edges (amplitude) using the Sobel operator.
sobel_amp calculates first derivative of an image and is
used as an edge detector. The filter is based on the following
1 2 1
0 0 0
-1 -2 -1
1 0 -1
2 0 -2
1 0 -1
These masks are used differently, according to the selected filter
type. (In the following, a and b denote the results of
convolving an image with A and B for one particular pixel.)
Here, thin(x) is equal to x for a vertical
maximum (mask A) and a horizontal maximum (mask B), respectively,
and 0 otherwise. Thus, for 'thin_sum_abs' and 'thin_max_abs'
the gradient image is thinned. For the filter types 'x' and
'y' if the input image is of type byte the output image is
of type int1, of type int2 otherwise. For a Sobel operator with
size 3x3, the corresponding filters A and B are
applied directly, while for larger filter sizes the input image is
first smoothed using a Gaussian filter (see
a binomial filter (see
binomial_filter) of size
Size-2. The Gaussian filter is selected for the above
Size = 5, 7, 9, 11,
or 13 must be used. The binomial filter is selected by appending
'_binomial' to the above values of
Size can be selected between 5 and 39. Furthermore,
it is possible to select different amounts of smoothing the
column and row direction by passing two values in
Here, the first value of
Size corresponds to the mask width
(smoothing in the column direction), while the second value
corresponds to the mask height (smoothing in the row direction) of
the binomial filter. The binomial filter can only be used for
images of type byte, uint2 and real. Since smoothing reduces the edge
amplitudes, in this case the edge amplitudes are multiplied by a
factor of 2 to prevent information loss. Therefore,
for Size > 3 is conceptually equivalent to
sobel_amp special optimizations are implemented
FilterType = 'sum_abs' that use SIMD technology.
The actual application of these special optimizations is controlled
by the system parameter 'sse2_enable' and 'avx2_enable',
set_system). If 'sse2_enable' or
'avx2_enable'is set to 'true'
(and the SIMD instruction set is available), the internal calculations are
performed using SIMD technology.
Note that SIMD technology performs best on large, compact input regions.
Depending on the input region and the capabilities of the hardware
the execution of
sobel_amp might even take significantly
more time with SIMD technology than without.
sobel_amp can be executed on OpenCL devices for the filter
types 'sum_abs', 'sum_sqrt', 'x' and 'y'
(as well as their binomial variants). Note that when using gaussian
Size > 3, the results can vary from the CPU
Note that filter operators may return unexpected results if an image with a reduced domain is used as input. Please refer to the chapter Filters.
→object (byte / int2 / uint2 / real)
→object (int1 / int2 / uint2 / real)
Edge amplitude (gradient magnitude) image.
Default value: 'sum_abs'
List of values: 'sum_abs', 'sum_abs_binomial', 'sum_sqrt', 'sum_sqrt_binomial', 'thin_max_abs', 'thin_max_abs_binomial', 'thin_sum_abs', 'thin_sum_abs_binomial', 'x', 'x_binomial', 'y', 'y_binomial'
List of values (for compute devices): 'sum_abs', 'sum_sqrt', 'x', 'y', 'sum_abs_binomial', 'sum_sqrt_binomial', 'x_binomial', 'y_binomial'
Size of filter mask.
Default value: 3
List of values: 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 29, 31, 33, 35, 37, 39
read_image(Image,'fabrik') sobel_amp(Image,Amp,'sum_abs',3) threshold(Amp,Edg,128,255)
sobel_amp returns TRUE if all parameters are
correct. If the input is empty the behavior can be set via
necessary, an exception is raised.