linear_trans_color — Compute an affine transformation of the color values of a multichannel image.
linear_trans_color performs an affine transformation of the color values of the multichannel image Image and returns the result in ImageTrans. The affine transformation of the color values is described by the transformation matrix TransMat. If n is the number of channels in Image and m is the number of channels in ImageTrans, TransMat is a homogeneous m × (n+1) matrix that is stored row by row. Homogeneous means that the left m × n submatrix of TransMat describes a linear transformation of the color values, while the last column of TransMat describes a constant offset of the color values. The transformation matrix is typically computed with gen_principal_comp_trans. In particular, it is possible to project an image onto the first m principal components by selecting the first m × (n+1) values of the transformation returned by gen_principal_comp_trans. The transformation can, however, also be specified directly. For example, a transformation from RGB to YIQ, which is described by the following transformation
[0.299,0.587,0.114,0.0,0.599,-0.276,-0.324,127.5,0.214,-0.522,0.309,127.5]Here, it should be noted that the above transformation is unnormalized, i.e., the resulting color values can lie outside the range [0,255]. The transformation 'yiq' in trans_from_rgb additionally scales the rows of the matrix (except for the constant offset) appropriately.
To avoid a loss of information, linear_trans_color returns an image of type real. If a different image type is desired, the image can be transformed with convert_image_type.
linear_trans_color can be executed on OpenCL devices if the image Image consists of nine channels or less and is transformed to an image of three channels or less. Since the calculations are done in single precision floating point, the results may differ from those calculated by the CPU.
Multichannel input image.
Multichannel output image.
Transformation matrix for the color values.
The operator linear_trans_color returns the value 2 (H_MSG_TRUE) if the parameters are correct. Otherwise an exception is raised.
principal_comp, trans_from_rgb, trans_to_rgb