opening — Open a region.
An opening operation is defined as an erosion followed by a Minkowsi addition. By applying opening to a region, larger structures remain mostly intact, while small structures like lines or points are eliminated. In contrast, a closing operation results in small gaps being retained or filled up (see closing).
opening serves to eliminate small regions (smaller than StructElement) and to smooth the boundaries of a region. The position of StructElement is meaningless, since an opening operation is invariant with respect to the choice of the reference point.
Structuring elements (StructElement) can be generated with operators such as gen_circle, gen_rectangle1, gen_rectangle2, gen_ellipse, draw_region, gen_region_polygon, gen_region_points, etc.
Regions to be opened.
Structuring element (position-invariant).
* Large regions in an aerial picture (beech trees or meadows): read_image(Image,'forest') threshold(Image,Light,80,255) gen_circle(StructElement1,100,100,2) gen_circle(StructElement2,100,100,20) * close the small gap closing(Light,StructElement1,H) * selecting the large regions opening(H,StructElement2,Large) * Selecting of edges with certain orientation: read_image(Image,'fabrik') sobel_amp(Image,Sobel,'sum_abs',3) threshold(Sobel,Edges,10,255) gen_rectangle2(StructElement,100,100,3.07819,20,1) opening(Edges,StructElement,Direction)
Let F1 be the area of the input region, and F2 be the area of the structuring element. Then the runtime complexity for one region is:
O(2 * sqrt(F1) * sqrt(F2)) .
opening returns 2 (H_MSG_TRUE) if all parameters are correct. The behavior in case of empty or no input region can be set via:
no region: set_system('no_object_result',<RegionResult>)
empty region: set_system('empty_region_result',<RegionResult>)
Otherwise, an exception is raised.
threshold, regiongrowing, connection, union1, watersheds, class_ndim_norm, gen_circle, gen_ellipse, gen_rectangle1, gen_rectangle2, draw_region, gen_region_points, gen_struct_elements, gen_region_polygon_filled
reduce_domain, select_shape, area_center, connection
minkowski_add1, erosion1, opening_circle
gen_circle, gen_rectangle2, gen_region_polygon